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The End Of The Legendary Wonders Of Ancient World

Friday, 04.29.2011, 02:01pm (GMT-5)


There were Times when the great old civilizations build their most celebrated architectural marvel which stood against time, but only of of them survived till now: The Pyramid of Giza

Below are the old legendary wonders of the ancient world:

Lighthouse of Alexandria (1480 AD)



In the ancient time, The Lighthouse was the tallest human made structure in the world for centuries, it stood at 460 feet or 140 meters. The Lighthouse of Alexandria was was completed in 247 BC on the island of Pharos, Egypt.

Legends said Ships could see its light 29 miles away and it would guide them from being lost in the treacherous sea and it was said that its flame could burn enemy ships if they dare approach the shore of the Pharos.

The lighthouse was damaged in a series of natural disasters, most notably earthquakes starting in 956. Its ruins stood for centuries before being torn down in 1480 to make way for a medieval fort it is today.


Statue of Zeus at Olympia (500 AD)


The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was crafted by the Greek sculptor Phidias in 432 BC at the Temple of Zeus in Olympia, Greece. The 12 meter (43 feet) tall statue was made of ivory and bronze. It was gold-plated and inlaid with precious stones. The first century Greek philosopher Dio Chrysostom declared that one glimpse of the statue would make a man forget all his earthly troubles.

The Roman Emperor Caligula ordered that significant statues of Greek gods including of Zeus at Olympia be brought to Rome and beheaded. Caligula was assassinated in AD 41 before the orders were carried out.

The circumstances of the statue's destruction are a source of debate: it may have been destroyed when the temple of Zeus burned in 425 AD or it may have been taken to Constantinople and destroyed in a great fire there in 475 AD.


Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (356 BC)

The Temple of Artemis was completed in 550 BC at Ephesus (Turkey). The temple took 120 years to construct and was made almost entirely of marble.

As the name suggests, the temple was dedicated to the Greek goddess of Artemis, the virginal goddess of the Moon and twin of Apollo.

In a tragedy that would often be repeated in modern times, a man called Herostratus destroyed the temple in an act of arson. His
sole motivation was to become famous. The term "herostratic fame" is still used today to describe similar acts.

Herostratus was sentenced to death and the government made it punishable by death for anyone to say his name. Despite this, writers later published his name and Herostratus's goal of being recorded by history was realized.

Alexander the Great was supposedly born the day the temple burned. As the legend goes, the goddess Artemis was too preoccupied with Alexander's birth to save her burning temple.

After that the temple went through a series of reconstructions and destructions:
  • Rebuilt after Alexander's death in 323 BC
  • Destroyed by the Goths in 268 AD
  • Reconstructed in the 3rd century AD
  • Finally, in 401 AD the temple was destroyed by a mob of Christians led by St. John Chrysostom and its marble was used in construction of other buildings.


Colossus of Rhodes (226 BC)
 
The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek god Helios that towered over the harbor at the Greek city of Rhodes.

It stood for almost a century and is another ancient wonder of the world. At a 110 feet high it’s almost as high as the statue of liberty which was build almost 2000 years later. The story of the Collosus of Rhodes began 305 BC. when a powerful enemy fleet began a year long siege of a small Island of Rhodes. The enemy far outnumbered the small islands population but against all ods the islanders won the battle and defeated them! To celebrate their victory they decided to build a giant bronze statue of their Sun God Helios.
 
The Collosus of Rhodes stood almost for 60 years when it had to face the forces of nature which the colossus didn’t survive. After the earhquake the people of Rhodes consulted an oracle to rebuild the collosus, but the oracle warned them it would bring misfortune. The fallen statue wasn’t touched till afer a thousand years and it was sold as scrap.











Hanging Gardens of Babylon (200 BC)

More than two and a half thousand years ago in 600 BC this world wonder was build in the ancient west of Athena. According to legends the king Nebuchadnezzar II build a huge terrace garden for his wife who missed her hometown and felt homesick. Ancient writers describe the Babylon gardens as a huge man made garden. Terrace after terrace high up to the sky and filled with exotic plants.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were built by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC on the banks of the River Euphrates about 50 km south of present day Baghdad. It was said that the king constructed the gardens to please his wife who missed the great trees and fragrant flowers in her Persian homeland.

Strangely, most of what we know comes from Greek accounts of the gardens and Babylonian writings of the period don't mention them.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were destroyed by several earthquakes sometime after the second century BC.

In the minds of everyone is a picture of the perfect garden. It would probably have the most beautiful gardens, the most exotic animals, terraces and beautiful monuments. So what were the hanging gardens like? Probably just like that, but no one will ever know. This is the only world wonder to have never been proven.
 


Mausoleum of Halicarnassus 1494 AD

Of all the Seven Wonders in the Ancient World the tomb of Mausolus inspires the believe that love may transcend death. At the heart of the story lays the tail of two lovers locked in a desperate way to preserve their immortality and their devotion to one another. He was Mausolus, the young king of Halicarnassus a province of the Persian empire in what is now modern day turkey.

She was his lovely Queen Artemisia but not only were King Mausolus and Queen Artemisia husband and wife, they were also brother and sister.

The building stood approximately 45 meters (148 feet) high and was adorned with statues of people, lions and other animals at various levels of the complex. The temple is unique in Greek history because it was not dedicated to an Ancient Greek god.

Only two years after the death of her husband King Mausolus, the Queen Artemisia also passed away. After she died, the Mausoleum sculptors still continued their work even they didn’t get paid due to an empty royal treasury.The reason why they did this is still remains a mystery.

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus stood proudly for over a thousand years before natural weathering and a defecating earthquake destroyed it. In the early 15th century , the Knights of St. John of Malta invaded the region and started to use every block from the remains of the Mausoleum to build their fortress. Until now the castle that was built of the beautiful Mausoleum still stands fully constructed from the old stones.


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